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Petersons Antiques
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Some well known furniture makers

Victorian (1830-1901)


John Henry Belter
New York Rococo 1844-1863

Thomas Brooks Brooklyn Rococo 1850-1870
Renaissance

Herter Brothers New York Renaissance 1860-1880

R. Horner New York Highly carved
oak 1890-1929

George Hunzinger New York Renaissance 1860-1889

John Jeliff Newark Gothic 1836-1870
Renaissance

Prudence Mallard New Orleans Rococo 1865-1875

J.& J.W. Meeks New York Empire 1797-1868
Rococo

William Wooton Indianapolis Renaissance 1865-1885

Common furniture styles

Chippendale

Popular from 1740 to 1800.
Named after Thomas Chippendale an English maker.
Elegant, formal appearance.
Ball & Claw feet are common.
Scallop shell motifs.
Broken pediments, pineapple motifs, fretwork.


Hepplewhite
Popular from 1770 to 1820.
Often referred to as "Federal style" in the USA.
Decorated with Classical detail, like shields & urns, eagles & stars.
Inlaid details are common.
Legs are generally square shaped.
Chairs are often "shield-back" in style.


Sheraton
Popular from 1800 to 1840.
Named after Thomas Sheraton, an English maker.
Sometimes referred to as "Duncan Phyfe" furniture.
Delicate, slim forms with Classical influences.
Decorated with reeded and fluted "columns".
Legs are generally rounded and fluted.



Rococo Revival

Popular from 1850 to 1875.
Strong curving lines.
Lots of carved details.
Influenced by early Italian designs.
Chairs are often "balloon-back" in style.

Renaissance Revival

Popular from 1860 to 1879.
Revival of 18th century, European style.
Often massive rectangular pieces.
Usually decorated with architectural details like pediments, scrolls, and finials.
Many times heavily decorated with carvings.


Eastlake

Popular from 1870 to 1899. (1880-1890's in USA)
Named after Charles Eastlake, and English designer.
Designs show simple Oriental influences.
Often detailed with grooves, reeding, incised designs.
Was a turn away from the elaborate Victorian style.

Colonial Revival

Popular from 1870 to 1939.
Pieces are usually copies of earlier styles like Hepplewhite, Sheraton, or Duncan
Phyfe.
Makers did not strive to make accurate reproductions of the earlier styles. They
simply used their ideas.

Arts & Crafts (Mission)

Popular from 1890 to 1920.
This was a movement to simple, often austere, linear designs.
Emphasized craftsmanship with exposed mortise & tenon joints.
Often was hand made rather than machine made.
Quarter-sawn oak, producing a distinctive "tiger" grain was often used.
Some times hand-hammered copper hardware was used.
Famous makers included Gustav Stickley, Roycrofters, and Charles Limbert.



Queen Anne

Popular from 1701 to 1760.
Single most distinctive feature is the "cabriole leg" which is fitted with either a
claw-and-ball or paw foot.
The chair backs are curved to fit the hollow of the spine.
Typical motifs or ornamentations are scallop shells, scrolls, animals and plants.
Queen Ann style was extremely popular with the upper class, especially in American
Colonies.

Art Deco

Popular from 1925 to 1945.
Often wood combines with chrome hardware.
Sleek angular or geometric designs & patterns.
Many times they have Egyptian motifs carved or applied to pieces.

Art Nouveau

Popular from 1890 to 1916.
Usually inspired by ntural forms.
often with pronounced, flowing curves.
Not popular in the USA.


Prepared by: Lloyd Peterson
Petersons Antiques